From Tripoli to Ma’rib … Doha-Ankara Alliance and Policy of ” Peace spoiling”

Quoted from south24,  Badr Muhammad and Iyad Qasim

Signing of the “Security Agreement” between the Libyan Government of National Accord (GNA) and the State of Qatar came as a practicalapplication of the Tripoli governmentstatement that followed the ceasefire agreement in Geneva on October 23, with the National Army led by Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar, that “the Geneva Agreement does not recognize the legitimacy of Haftar’s forces and does not include the relationship with Turkey.”

This security agreement with Qatar seeks for confirming the legitimacy of the GNA, as it strengthens its assertion that the relationship with Turkey is a fact exactly like the latter’s relation with Doha. It also reflected the Turkish side’s statement by Recep Tayyip Erdogan that the Geneva Accord is “weak in terms of credibility.”

The ministers of  Interior of Libya and Qatar signed, in Doha, a “Memorandum Of Understanding” in the field of security cooperation and informationexchange on terrorist organizations and networks, as well exchanging of expertise and technical training that the security services need in various specializations in order to monitor cyber-crimes. [1]

Qatar and the Libyan Government of National Accord do not have a record of any kind in combating terrorism, compared to the amount of accusations leveled by their opponents in the region and Western reports that they stand, especially Qatar, in supporting and financing terrorist organizations.

Agreement to agreement

While the Geneva Agreement between the Libyan parties was widely welcomed by the international community as it encouraged an end to the crisis and to proceed to complete the political and diplomatic path, the pessimistic Turkish statement departed from this consensus and this was reflected in the Libyan GNA statement, which affirmed the illegality of Haftar’s forces and the continuation of the relationship with Turkey.

Meanwhile, this agreement with Qatar also “received the same amount of international rejection, considering it an erosion to the Geneva Agreement and a threat portending the  collapse of the political process and the ceasefire.”

Commenting on the agreement, the US State Department’s regional spokesman, Samuel Warburg, confirmed in statements to Al Hurra, the US’s rejection of any foreign intervention in Libya from any party, stressing the need to give Libyans the opportunity to decide the fate of their future on their own.

In response, the spokesperson of Libyan Government of National Accord (GNC), the Minister of Planning, Issa Al-Tuwaijer, tried to stand alone in front of the wave of international criticism in purely diplomatic language, saying that “the security agreement with Qatar does not fall within the framework of military cooperation … and it is a typical agreement.”

Both Qatar and Turkey play the supportive role for the Libyan Government of National Accord, which was the product of the so-called Arab Spring 2011 revolutions in the region. Actually, there is no benefit for Qatar from concluding a security agreement with the Libyan National Accord while Turkey who looks forward to benefitting from Libyan oilis still going through an economic crisis. This means that the Qatari side is the only expense for this tripartite alliance facing theblockade imposed by the Arab Quartet, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, the UAE and Bahrain.

In such alliance where the language of ideological thought seems to be more dominant than the language of political interests, the Libyan government of National Accord is the last adherent to the Muslim Brotherhood in the Libyan and Arab West.

The Arab East, specifically Yemen, Qatar and Turkey stand by the Yemeni government, which is controlled by the Muslim Brotherhood through Islah “Reform Party”, has  political, security, and military situation with international endeavour in a version similar to the Libyan situation, in conjunction with the approaching solutions to the Yemeni crisis thanks to political and diplomatic activities represented by the “Riyadh Agreement” between the Yemeni government and the Southern Transitional Council.

In fact, the glimpse of hope looming on the horizon of the Yemeni crisis is mainly shocked by military and security efforts led by Yemeni governmental, political and religious parties, which have media and financial support and, most likely, military support from Doha and Istanbul. (4)

Violence Ideology

The influential parties within the “legitimacy” system, which is controlled by the Islamic organization, believe that the agreement, signed in November 2019, aimedat deposing it to grant legitimacy to the Southern Transitional that is accused of rebelling against the legitimacy of the government.

In Yemen, there is an international consensus that supports and confirms the completion of the political solution represented by the Riyadh Agreement. Today in Libya, the same consensus is achieved on the Geneva Accord in the face of the intransigence of the Brotherhood and its supporters, Qatar and Turkey.

In both Libya and Yemen, the same Qatari-Turkish government stance is taken including the game of procrastination, delay and circumvention of political agreements, as a way to thwart them in response to what is considered a conspiracy and an endeavor to thwart their rule and political administration in their local depths.

In order to achieve this, the international organization of the Muslim Brotherhood does not refrain from concluding secret and overt deals with similar ideological groups, some of which are classified as “terrorist”, although they claim at the same time that they combat terrorism.

This trend is reinforced by what Iranian media revealed recently, which was republished by “South 24”, about negotiationsare currently underway between Reform Party, the Muslim Brotherhood branch in Yemen, and the Iranian-backed Houthi militia, under Qatari auspices, with the aim of persuading the Reform Party to accept the initiative of the Houthis, and to preserve their achievements in Marib. ”[5]

Because of the principles of extremist ideological and religious organizations in complex crises are the same, the Iranian newspaper Al-Waqt says, “In the past few months, the Houthi government in Sana’a has opposed international and regional mediation calling for an end to the clashes and the move towards Ma’rib.” [5]

Once again, this dispels doubts about Qatar’s efforts to obstruct the peace efforts made by the UN envoy to Yemen, Martin Griffiths, on the one hand and the efforts of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to make the Riyadh agreement successful on the other hand. (6)

In this context, not only the Houthis in Sana’a, but also the international organization of the Muslim Brotherhood in Marib and Tripoli tend to procrastination and violence and to escalate the language of war, to reflect ideological convictions in a practical way uncover refusal to political defeat in a democratic spirit and to the principles of making concessions .

Such approach led by a country like Qatar alongside Turkey, places the Muslim Brotherhood in a position similar to other extremist organizations and groups classified as “terrorist” in the region, and may bring greater international isolation for these parties in Europe and the US, although the oil-rich emirate still enjoys international immunity based on the principle of “profit” pursued by some major countries.

Badr Qasim Muhammad: Researcher at the South 24 Center for News and Studies, specialized in Yemeni political affairs and religious groups

Iyad Al-Shuaibi: President of the South 24 Center for News and Studies, researcher in political affairs

References

[1] Signing a security cooperation agreement between Qatar and the Libyan government, The New Arab: alaraby.co.uk

[2] Why shouldn’t Qatar be classified as an ally of the United States ?, The Jerusalem Post: south24.net

[3] Libya … the Qatar Agreement sour negotiations between the parties. Alhurra: alhurra.com

[4] A tweet by the former Minister of Transport in the Yemeni government, Saleh al-Jabwani, Twitter: twitter.com

[5] An Iranian newspaper reveals negotiations between Al-Islah and the Houthis under Qatari sponsorship, South 24: south24.net

[6] Increasing regional interference in southern Yemen undermines coalition efforts, Xinhua: xinhuanet.com

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